Forums EDUCATION/SCHOOLS 10 Of The Deadliest Diseases In Africa

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    Adeyemi
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    • "Total posts= 69
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    1. Pneumonia and Other Lower Respiratory Tract Infections
    We have come to the ultimate killer disease in Africa;
    Pneumonia and other lower respiratory tract infections are the leading cause of deaths among Africans. It affects both children and adults and unlike most other diseases, it leaves little room for intervention. In most cases of Lower respiratory infections, early treatment is the key. Such diseases like pneumonia, bronchitis and bronchiolitis kill an estimated 4.2 million people across the world and death toll is higher in countries with restricted access to healthcare facility.
    Pneumonia alone is responsible for 90% of all lower respiratory tract infections and is one of the most deadly diseases in Africa where it is responsible for taking the lives of more than 800,000 people every year.

    2. HIV/AIDS
    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes A (AIDS), a disease that attacks the immune system, causing its progressive failure and at the end, allowing opportunistic infections. HIV/AIDS is among the 10 most widespread African diseases yet it is one of the most preventable. In Africa, there is no region that is exempt from HIV/AIDS. Heterosexual transmission accounts for most cases of HIV transmission. There are more than 33 million people infected with HIV/AIDS and 65 percent of these individuals live in sub-Saharan Africa.
    HIV is spread primarily by unprotected sexual intercourse with someone who has HIV (most especially among homosexuals). Other routes of infection include: sharing needles, syringes, or unsterilized invasive instruments, babies born to an infected mother. There are strong evidence that we are winning the race against HIV/AIDS; reports from some of the African countries which have the highest HIV prevalence on record shows that the rates of new HIV infections have been cut down dramatically since 2001; by 41% in South Africa and Swaziland, 50% in Zimbabwe, 58% in Zambia, 68% in Namibia, 71% in Botswana and 73% in Malawi.In addition, sub-Saharan Africa has reduced AIDS-related deaths by one-third in the past six years and increased the number of people on anti-retroviral treatment by 59% in the last two years alone.

    3. Malaria
    Malaria affects more than 500 million people annually, causing between 1 and 3 million deaths. It has become a household name in Africa but when it comes to taking lives, it does so without mercy. In a study that was done in 2012 on malaria, it has been established that malaria kills twice as many people every year as was formerly thought, taking 1.2 million lives and causing the deaths many including older children and very young adults especially those under 15 years of age. The prevalence rate of malaria is exorbitantly high especially in the sub-Saharan Africa where up to 90% of all cases are known to occur. Following infection, complications like anemia, cerebral malaria and swelling of the spleen may occur.

    4. Diarrhoea
    Diarrhoea is the passage of three or more loose in any given day (In some cases, it is defined passage of stool more frequently than is normal for the individual). It is a disease that is so common in Africa more especially within the poorest and developing countries. There are 4 billion cases of diarrhea every year and about 2.2 million people die from it most of them being children under 2 years. In Africa, diarrhea is so predominant that it is responsible for 8% of all deaths in Africa. In cases where the diarrhea is a result of contaminated living conditions such as polluted water, it can lead to up to 1 in 5 deaths. Most diarrheal deaths actually result from severe dehydration and not from the diarrhea itself. Diarrhea is one of the diseases that is most common in Africa because of high rates of malnutrition which is prevalent in the continent.

    5. Tuberculosis
    Tuberculosis is one of the major diseases in Africa that kills after a long period of inflicting a debilitating condition on the victims. More than 2 million people die every year from tuberculosis. In Africa, tuberculosis is much more common and since HIV/AIDS started ravaging the lives of many, the duo have formed an unholy alliance. People die more from tuberculosis in Africa than they die elsewhere. About one-third of the world’s population is infected with tuberculosis and there are over 8 million new cases developing each year. What this means is that one in 3 to 4 people you come across on the street have been infected with TB, however, the disease only becomes reactivated when the immune system is low or when you become closely exposed to a chronic sufferer and you start harbouring lots of the
    .
    The typical TB infection attacks the lungs but is not limited to this organ as it can equally infect other parts of the body. TB is so deadly that it kills more than 50% of those infected when they are left untreated. New infections occur at a rate of about one every second and in Africa, more individuals are more liable to contract TB because of low immune system caused by higher rates of AIDS and malnutrition. Immunization, allowing proper ventilation, adequate diet and good personal hygiene are one of the sure ways to prevent TB.
    See more: http://www.fineyemiblog.com/2017/01/10-of-deadliest-diseases-in-africa.html


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    #937910 Reply
    Andrey_Timms™
    Andrey_Timms™
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    hmmm


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